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This Glossary provides a central place to find the meaning of key terms in Gender-Based Violence (GBV) work and to access resources for further learning. It will grow and change as the GBV field does. If you find a term should be added or revised, please contact us at vawln@uwo.ca

You can view the terms associated with a letter by selecting the letter below. Crossed out letters do not have any terms. You can also click here for a PDF of all the included terms.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Economic Abuse/Financial Abuse

“Financial abuse happens when someone uses money or property to control or exploit someone else. It can involve:

  • taking someone's money or property without permission
  • withholding or limiting money to control someone
  • pressuring someone to sign documents
  • forcing someone to sell things or change a will

Most forms of financial abuse are crimes, including theft and fraud.” [1]

Footnotes:

[1] Government of Canada Department of Justice. (n.d.). About family violence. Retrieved from https://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/cj-jp/fv-vf/about-apropos.html#eld

Elder Abuse

Elder Abuse is defined as “a single, or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust which causes harm or distress to an older person.” [1]

“Elder abuse often occurs when there is an imbalance of control. The abuser either limits or takes control over the rights and freedoms of the senior. The abuse/violence is used to intimidate, humiliate, coerce, frighten or simply to make the senior feel powerless.” [2]

Learn More: 


Footnotes:

[1] World Health Organization. (n.d.). Elder Abuse. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/ageing/projects/elder_abuse/en/

[2] Elder Abuse Prevention Ontario. (n.d.). What Is Elder Abuse? Retrieved from
http://www.elderabuseontario.com/what-is-elder-abuse/

Emotional Abuse

“Emotional abuse is the repeated use of controlling and harmful behaviours by a perpetrator to control a victim, most likely a woman. As a result of emotional abuse, a woman lives her life in fear and repeatedly alters her thoughts, feelings, and behaviours, and denies her needs, to avoid further abuse. Emotional Abuse includes verbal abuse, stalking and harassing, isolation, threats, intimidation, sexual and financial abuse, and neglect. Emotional abuse is the greatest predictor of physical violence.” [1] “It can be difficult to explain psychological abuse to other people because there are no physical signs of it and the impact of it can last long after the abuse has ended.” [2]

Learn More:


Footnotes:

[1] Springtide Resources. (2000). Emotional abuse assessment guide. Retrieved from https://www.springtideresources.org/resource/emotional-abuse-assessment-guide

[2] Luke's Place. (n.d.). What is woman abuse? Retrieved from https://lukesplace.ca/resources/what-is-woman-abuse/

Environmental Racism

“Environmental racism is racial discrimination in environmental policymaking; in the enforcement of regulation of laws; in the deliberate targeting of communities of colour for toxic waste disposal and the siting of polluting industries; in the official sanctioning of the life-threatening presence of poisons and pollutants in communities of colour; and in the history of excluding people from the mainstream environmental groups, decision-making boards, commissions, and regulatory bodies. It is the intentional siting of hazardous waste sites, landfills, incinerators and polluting industries in areas inhabited mainly by Blacks, Latinos, Indigenous peoples, Asians, migrant farm workers and low-income peoples. Environmental racism is an extension of institutional racism.” [1]

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Footnotes:

[1] Jacobs, B. (2010). Environmental racism on Indigenous lands and territories. Canadian Political Science Association papers. Retrieved from https://www.cpsa-acsp.ca/papers-2010/Jacobs.pdf

Equality/Equity

As it relates to social questions of fairness and justice, equality entails a principle of impartiality and sameness of treatment for all people—that is, “of ensuring equal treatment to all people, without consideration of individual and group diversities.” [1]

By comparison, equity entails a principle "of ensuring fair, inclusive and respectful treatment of all people, with consideration of individual and group diversities.” [1]

The practical differences between equality and equity emerge when social or historical factors cause sameness of treatment to be inconsistent with fairness of treatment—for instance, in cases where legacies of social inequality or systems oppression have placed groups in dominant or subordinate statuses relative to one another. 

Under such circumstances, “access to services, supports and opportunities and attaining economic, political and social fairness cannot be achieved by treating individuals in exactly the same way. Equity honours and accommodates the specific needs of individuals/ groups.” [1]

Learn More:


Footnotes:

[1] The519. (n.d.). The 519’s Glossary of terms, facilitating shared understandings around equity, diversity, inclusion and awareness. Retrieved from http://www.the519.org/education-training/glossary

Ethnocentrism

“An uncompromising loyalty to one’s own cultural values as natural, normal and necessary.  Difficulties arise when these standards are used to evaluate the behaviour of other groups as inferior, backward or irrational.” [1]

Footnotes:

[1] Elliot, L. & Fleras, A. (1992). Unequal Relations. An Introduction to Race and Ethnic Dynamics in Canada. Prentice-Hall, Scarborough. Cited by Public Service Alliance of Canada. (2006). P. 330. Retrieved from http://psac-ncr.com/human-rights-terminology

Eurocentrism

Presupposes the supremacy of Europe and Europeans in world culture, and relates history, policies, legislation, practices, structures, and societal norms according to a European perception and experience. [1]

Footnotes:

[1] Stoetzer, O. R., & Schaefer, R. T. (1996). Sociology: An introduction, 1st Canadian edition Richard T. Schaefer (1st ed.). Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson.