The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control in the U.S. put out a 2013 report on national findings of sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence based on the sexual orientation of U.S. adults. The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey is an ongoing, nationally representative survey that collects information about experiences of sexual violence, stalking and intimate partner violence among English and/or Spanish-speaking women and men aged 18 years or older. The findings in this report are based on survey data from 2010 and interviews with 16, 507 adults (9,086 women and 7,421 men). Information presented is based on respondents’ self-reported sexual orientation and lifetime victimization experiences. Limitations to the report include respondents with a victimization history who did not report their sexual orientation were not included in subgroup analyses; small numbers for particular subgroups limited the ability to report and to detect differences between groups based on sexual orientation; other variables, such as age, race, and income might partially explain the differences found between groups; the possible hesitancy of participants to disclose their sexual orientation based on perceived risk or fear of discrimination may have resulted in the misclassification of sexual orientation for some respondents; and research suggests that there is a degree of fluidity related to self-identified sexual orientation across the lifespan and a respondents current sexual orientation may not represent the sexual orientation of the respondents when the violence actually occurred.
The Learning Network strives to bring current, accessible, and up-to-date content to the Resource Library. We aim to link primarily to open-access research, however, at times we do link to some content we think is particularly significant but that is inaccessible due to the subscription restrictions imposed by journals and publishing companies. While we are unable to purchase access to this content, we hope that bringing awareness of this research to our readers can assist in their learning endeavours. We will continue to work on providing open-access content so that our readers can have access to the most-current and up-to-date research available.
Dr. Rebecca Campbell is a Professor of Psychology and Program Evaluation at Michigan State University. Her current work focuses on sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) programs in the criminal justice system. Dr. Campbell presented at the National Institute of Justice’s translational criminology seminar series in 2012. In her webinar, Dr. Campbell explains the underlying neurobiology of traumatic events, with a focus on sexual assault; how this trauma manifests emotionally and physically for victims; and how these processes can impact sexual assault investigations and prosecutions. Dr. Campbell discusses the implications for first responders (i.e., law enforcement, nurses, victim advocates, and prosecutors).
Learning Network Brief 14.
This Learning Brief describes the neurobiological response to sexual assault and the implications for frontline responders supporting victims/survivors. Click to view PlainText Version.
As a completely virtual organization, the Pixel Project demonstrates the positive power of social media and Information Communication Technologies (ICTs).
This 2015 report tells how the Women’s Committee became empowered to create change for themselves and their community, overcame numerous obstacles to revitalize their park and neighbourhood, and, in turn, changed practice and policy across the city. As Sabina Ali, Chair of the Thorncliffe Park Women’s Committee says, “Profound positive change can happen when people with passion and dedication come together with the goal of improving their community.”
This article reviewed 75 studies that examined the prevalence of sexual assault victimization among gay or bisexual men and lesbian or bisexual women in the United States. All the studies reviewed were published between 1989 and 2009. Results indicated that the highest estimates reported were for lifetime sexual assault victimization among lesbian and bisexual women (85%); childhood sexual assault among lesbian and bisexual women (76%); and childhood sexual assault among gay and bisexual men (59%). Lesbian and bisexual women were more likely to report childhood sexual assault, adult sexual assault, lifetime sexual assault, and intimate partner sexual assault compared to gay and bisexual men; whereas gay and bisexual men were more likely to report hate crime-related sexual assault compared to lesbian and bisexual women. The abstract for this article is available online.
This 2011 article by Rothman, Exner, and Baughman provides a systematic review of 75 studies on sexual assault victimization among people who identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual. Prevalence rates of various forms of sexual assault, including childhood sexual assault, adult sexual assault, intimate partner sexual assault, and hate crime-related sexual assault are reviewed. Implications for practice, policy, and research are also discussed.
This 2012 paper describes the history and central tenets of intersectionality, addresses theoretical and methodological challenges, and highlights the benefits of intersectionality for public health theory, research, and policy. This is an abstract only. You can access the full article through the library, society membership, or by online purchase.
This paper, written by Dianne F. Herman, discusses why our culture can be characterized as a ‘rape culture.’ Topics include the legal definitions of rape; the prevalence of rape; victims of rape; reasons men rape; society’s response to rape; and how our society is considered a ‘rape culture’. To access the full article, you can access the journal through the library or through paid access.
The Red Flag Campaign launched in Virginia in October 2007. The purpose of the campaign is to address dating violence on college campuses. The campaign was created using a ‘bystander intervention’ strategy that encourages campus community members to speak up when they see warning signs or ‘red flags’ for dating violence. The campaign is a project of the Virginia Sexual and Domestic Violence Action Alliance and was created by college students, college personnel, and community victim advocates. The campaign includes posters, a website, and a campus planning guide.