This 2016 report released by the Canadian Federation of Students includes recommendations for proactive consent education, developing institutional sexual assault polices, and establishing campus support services. It was informed by the national Consent Culture Forum to develop strategy to combat sexual and gender-based violence and rape culture on campus, held in March 2015.
This article discusses that: “Women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) are often portrayed as helpless victims. Yet many women who experience IPV implement strategies to help them survive the abuse. This qualitative study sought to explore the survivor strategies used by low-income black women who experience IPV. Authors used a semistructured interview guide to survey 26 survivors who reported being in an IPV relationship in the past two years. Thematic analysis revealed three types of survivor strategies used by low-income black women: (1) internal (use of religion and becoming self-reliant), (2) interpersonal (leave the abuser or fight back), and (3) external (reliance on informal, formal, or both kinds of sources of support). This article informs social work practitioners of the strategies used by low-income black women in surviving IPV so that practitioners can develop interventions that support these strategies”
D.A. Wolfe, C. Crooks, P. Jaffe, D. Chiodo, R. Hughes, W. Ellis, L. Stitt, A. Donner. (2009) Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine, 163 (8) 692-699.
An evaluation of the Fourth R dating violence prevention program was conducted. This program is implemented within the grade nine health and physical education curriculum and consists of units on personal safety and injury prevention; healthy growth and sexuality; and substance use and abuse. A longitudinal evaluation of students found that the curriculum reduced physical dating violence and increased condom use 2.5 years after participation in the program.
This 2014 review paper examined 23 articles based on 11 self-reported surveys in 9 countries to estimate the prevalence of nonfatal strangulation in the context of intimate partner violence, describe key findings, and offer suggestions for future research. Results indicated that past-year strangulation victimization rates ranged from 0.4% to 2.4% for women and lifetime victimization rates ranged from 3.0% to 9.7%. Results also revealed that women were 2 to 4 times as likely as men to report strangulation by an intimate partner in the past year, a number that increased to 4 to 11 fold when looking at lifetime experience. Prevalence data was also reviewed from a Canadian perspective. The authors suggest that more research needs to be done in order to understand the prevalence, risks, and consequences of strangulation particularly in understudied communities in order to highlight this serious form of intimate partner violence and develop effective policies, programs, and interventions for prevention. You can access the full article through the library system or through a paid membership account.
This 2013 study reviewed the effectiveness of risk assessment tools in predicting sexual recidivism of adult male offenders. A total of 43 studies were examined and results indicated that all tools demonstrated at least moderate predictive accuracy with the Violence Risk Scale – Sexual Offender (VRS-SO) having the highest mean quality score. However, the authors concluded that more independent high quality research is needed particularly on structured professional judgement incorporating dynamic risk factors. You can access the full article through the library system or through a paid membership account.
This tool was developed for advocates, evaluators, funders and other stakeholders to help them with evaluating advocacy efforts. The tool guides users through the four basic steps of advocacy evaluation planning: 1) focusing; 2) mapping; 3) prioritizing; and 4) designing.
Learning Network Brief 11
Fran Odette (2013). This Learning Brief names ableism as a form of violence against self-identified women with disAbilities and aims to increase awareness and understanding of its existence and impacts. Click for PlainText Version.
This paper summarizes a research study that examined the issues facing urban Aboriginal persons with disAbilities in Canada. Seven in-depth focus group sessions were held with Aboriginal persons with disAbilities. Furthermore, the experiences and perspectives of service providers who work with Aboriginal persons with disAbilities were examined. The results of the study identify the barriers faced by Aboriginal persons with disAbilities living in Canada and recommendations to overcome these barriers.
This paper explores the historical and socio-economic context that has profoundly impacted the health and well-being of Aboriginal women in Canada. The influence of gender on the health of women generally, and Aboriginal specifically, in Canada is examined with an overview of some of the health disparities between First Nations, Inuit and Métis women compared to non-Aboriginal women and the barriers that Aboriginal women must overcome to address these disparities. The paper provides some promising examples of legal, policy and program initiatives that address these health concerns.
This information pamphlet, developed by Ending Violence Association of BC, provides information on abuse in same-sex relationships. The pamphlet describes an abusive intimate relationships and what one can do if they think they are being abused or abusive in their relationship. Local resources are also provided.